Historical Architectures In Bangladesh

Historical Architectures In Bangladesh 3

Historical Architectures In Bangladesh is

Essentially structures made of brick, wood, and stone. Yet it retains a touch of memory, a range of feelings, and a watermark of time. The architecture of this land is a unique signature of the history and tradition of Bangladesh.

A unique style of construction has been developed here since the dawn of history. Even today, the architecture of Bangladesh is moving forward with a mixture of modernity and tradition. The first episode of this series titled ‘history of architecture in Bangladesh‘ contains the history of architecture in Bangladesh.

Curzon hall front

Pala Buddhist architecture

Bengal was under Buddhist rule from the eighth to the twelfth century of which the earliest empire of Indian Buddhist rule in Bengal (including present-day Bangladesh) was the Pala Empire. The Pala era created a new genre of mass architecture which was known as ‘Pala Sculpture School’. Some of the notable works of the Palas are found in Shalban Bihar, Somapura Mahavihara, Subishal Vikramshila Bihar, Odantapuri Bihar, and Jagatdal Bihar.

Shompur Mohabihar

Islamic and Mughal architecture

The Sultanate of Bengal was from 1342 to 1576. At that time Muslim Nawabs of Central Asian descent ruled Bengal independently of the Mughal Empire. Again around 1576, the Mughal Empire began to spread to most parts of Bengal.


Dhaka became the ‘military base’ of the Mughals. When Subadar Islam Khan the First declared Dhaka as the ‘Capital of Bengal Subah’ in 1806, urbanization and housing began to flourish. Many mosques and forts were built.


Notable examples of Sultanate architecture are the sixty-domed mosque, the gold mosque, the Kusumba mosque, and so on. Notable examples of Mughal architecture are Lalbagh Fort, Chawk Bazar Mosque, Saat Gombuj Mosque, Bara Katra, Chhota Katra, etc.

lalbagh fort 2388237 1920

Kantajew Temple

prominent temple architecture of Bangladesh. Sonargaon, the historical capital of the Baro-Bhuyan Confederacy. Lalbagh Fort, the center of Mughal military power in Dhaka.


Most Famous Architect In Bangladesh:

Kashef Mahboob Chowdhury
Independence Monument, Suhrawardy Udyan, Dhaka, Bangladesh Chandgaon Mosque, nominated for the Aga Khan Award for Architecture Aga Khan Award for Architecture, for Friendship Center 2014-16 Cycle

best example of an architectural wonder of Bangladesh is
National Parliament Building, Dhaka

Kahn, the National Parliament Building stands tall as one of the most elegant architectural wonders of Banglades

The architectural scene in Bangladesh has been thriving with a “new” energy over the past two decades or so. Bangladeshi architects have been experimenting with form, material, aesthetics, and, most importantly, the idea of how architecture relates to history, society, and the land.

In rural Bangladesh, around 75% of households live in kutcha houses, mostly self-built, usually constructed on an earthen plinth and using natural materials such as earth, bamboo and wood, with today a growing use of iron sheets (CGI) for the roofs.


If you ever take the time to visit Bangladesh, you will find a wide variety of architecture to look at. From modern buildings with blunt lines and endless windows to archaic mounds of structured earth, the opportunities for architectural sightseeing are virtually endless. The architecture in Bangladesh is very interesting and definitely worth including in your list of things to see when you next visit Bangladesh.

has built a new wave of cultural architecture over the last decade. Tied
to design influences from across the Bengal region and the broader
Indian subcontinent, the country’s modern buildings stand alongside
monuments dating back thousands of years. With an architecture rooted in
religion, history and culture, contemporary projects build upon the
past to imagine a new future for Bangladesh and its cities.

n a recent interview by Louisiana Channel, German architect Anna Heringer talks about the recently inaugurated Anandaloy centre in Bangladesh, a social space which became a catalyst for local development. The architect shares her commitment to sustainability and touches on the importance of the transfer of know-how to local communities through participatory building processes.

Written by: Delight Interiors